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PREGALIN-75/150

Generic Name:                                Pregabalin

Therapeutic Category:                 Neuropathic Pain Agent

Pharmacological Class:               Alpha-2 delta ligand

Composition:                                  Pregalin 75

Each capsule contains Pregabalin 75 mg

Pregalin 150

Each capsule contains Pregabalin 75 mg

Pregnancy Category:                    C

Presentation:                                  Pregalin-75

Available in the pack size as 10 tablets X 10 blisters

Pregalin-150

Available in the pack size as 10 tablets X 3 blisters

Description

Pregabalin is an anti-epileptic drug, also called an anticonvulsant. It works by slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures. Pregabalin also affects chemicals in the brain that send pain signals across the nervous system.

Pregabalin is approximately 2.5 times more potent and binds more strongly to the receptors than gabapentin.

Mechanism of Action

Pregabalin binds to ALPHA2-DELTA (α2-delta) subunit on voltage gated calcium channels in hyper-excited neurons. This inhibits influx of calcium and reduces release of glutamate, norepinephrine, substance P and other neurotransmitters.

Such decrease in neurotransmitter release from synapses in several neuronal tissues in the spinal cord and brain is likely to attenuate neuronal hyper-excitability and abnormal synchronization.

This may thus explain its anticonvulsant, analgesic, and anxiolytic activity

Indications

  • Neuropathic Pain Associated With Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN)
  • Post Herpetic Neuralgia* (PHN)
  • Partial-Onset Seizures (epilepsy)
  • Fibromyalgia*
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder

 

Dosage

Route of administration: Oral

  • Neuropathic Pain Associated With Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy:

150 mg daily in divided dose initially, increased to 300 mg daily in divided dose within 1 week based on efficacy and tolerability.

Maximum dose: 300 mg/day

 

  • Partial-Onset Seizures:

75 mg twice daily initially, increased to 150 to 600 mg/day divided 2 or 3 times daily based on efficacy and tolerability

Maximum dose: 600 mg/day

  • Post herpetic Neuralgia:

75 mg twice daily initially, increased to 150 mg twice daily within 1 week based on efficacy and tolerability.

Maximum dose: 600 mg/day

  • Fibromyalgia:

75 mg twice daily initially, increased to 150 mg twice daily within 1 week based on efficacy and tolerability.

Maximum dose: 450 mg/day

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Rapidly absorbed (greater than 90%)

Protein binding: Does not bind to plasma proteins

Metabolism: Negligible in humans

Route of elimination: Renal

Half-life: 6.3 – 11.5 hours

Adverse Effects

  • Very common (>10% of patients): dizziness, drowsiness
  • Common (1–10% of patients): blurred vision, diplopia*, increased appetite and subsequent weight gain, euphoria*, confusion, vivid dreams, changes in libido (increase or decrease), irritability, ataxia*, attention changes, etc.

Withdrawal symptoms

Following abrupt or rapid discontinuation of Pregabalin, some people reported symptoms suggestive of physical dependence. Even people who have discontinued short term and or long term use of Pregabalin have experienced withdrawal symptoms, including insomnia, headache, nausea, anxiety, diarrhea, flu like symptoms, nervousness, major depression, pain, convulsions, hyperhidrosis and dizziness.

Contraindications

PREGALIN is contraindicated in the following populations and situations:

  • Hypersensitivity to Pregabalin or any other excipients of the formulation.
  • Children, infants: The safety and efficacy of Pregalin have not been established in infants and children.

Precautions

  • Geriatric: The use of Pregalin in geriatric patients may require caution. Elderly patients are more likely to have reduced renal function and doses should be adjusted in the elderly patient based on the degree of renal impairment.
  • Diabetes mellitus, heart failure
  • Glaucoma, ocular disease
  • Pregnancy, labor, obstetric delivery

Drug Interactions

  • Potential pharmacological interactions with opioids, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, ethanol (alcohol), and other drugs that depress the central nervous system.
  • ACE inhibitors may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Pregalin.
  • Pregalin may enhance the fluid-retaining effect of anti-diabetic agents (Thiazolidinedione)

*Terminologies:

Post Herpetic Neuralgia: Post Herpetic neuralgia affects nerve fibers and skin, causing burning pain that lasts long after the rash and blisters of shingles disappear

Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia syndrome affects the muscles and soft tissue.

Diplopia: Double vision

Euphoria: A feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness.

Ataxia: Ataxia is a neurological sign consisting of lack of voluntary